KADI Stakeholder Cooperation

Online workshop: Validating African climate service and research infrastructure needs and challenges

July 1st (in English) 9am – 2pm SAST (UTC+2) – registration form

July 8th (in French) 9am – 2pm GMT (UTC+0) – registration form

KADI organises an online workshop in July 2024 to discuss, validate and improve findings from the project activities. We have invited actors who already have engaged with the project activities to take part in the workshop. However, if you would like to join the discussion, we warmly welcome you to the workshop!

Aim of the workshop

In the workshop, we would like to explore with all participants the climate service needs that emerge in different organisations and sectors that work on timely climate related challenges. The aim is to map climate infrastructure requirements or other climate inputs and information that could be supported by a Pan-African research infrastructure. We shall find ways to support various concrete climate service needs related to e.g. temperatures, air quality, CO2 circulation, and other climatic phenomena. In addition to this, we hope to connect with stakeholders who would be interested to continue working with the KADI team during the project, and also afterwards.

There will be two duplicate events, first one taking place on July 1st in English, and the second on July 8th in French.


9:00 – 9:45 am Welcome and introductions

An introduction to the project and the key topics of research infrastructures and climate services. Icebreakers using Flinga (https://flinga.fi) and Mentimeter (https://www.mentimeter.com) will get participants familiar with the online interactive tools.

9:45 – 10:45 am Climate service needs

This discussion aims to scope stakeholders’ current relationship to climate services, as well as their needs for additional climate services. Climate service pilots’ system maps as a methodology will also be validated with participants.

10:45 – 11:00 am Break
11:00 – 12:00 pm Critical research infrastructure elements

This discussion aims to validate our work regarding research infrastructure elements and scoping the stakeholders’ experiences with the elements.

12:00 – 12:15 pm Break
12:15 – 13:00 pm Stakeholder champions and closing remarks

This discussion aims to summarise the workshop discussion and findings. We will facilitate a way for the participants to show their interest in continuing communication with the KADI teams now and in the future as a stakeholder champion.


Would you like to take part in the workshop? You are warmly welcome to register via this Google Form: https://forms.gle/foiQqBYA4RP6AzvMA (in English) and https://forms.gle/otGU7ozArZPT69Az9 (in French).

KADI at the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development

The KADI project was represented at the 5th Africa Climate Talks at the 10th Session of the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development (ARFSD-10) in April 2024 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This article provides some context and highlights and interventions from the project’s perspective.

Africa’s GDP is reduced by 5% annually because of climate change. Africa losses 500Billoin dollars of the income generated every year. There is urgent need to stay on track towards Agenda 2030 and Agenda 2063. The key areas for transition are food systems, climate change, digital connectivity, energy security and education. We are at the midpoint of the implementation of the SDGs, in the second 10-year plan for agenda 2063 adopted in February 2024 and on the road to the Summit of the future.

Africa has data and research in uncoordinated silos which is invisible and therefore not shareable or transferable to similar contexts. Africa needs collaboration and integration.”

The 5th Africa Climate Talks which held on April 22nd emphasised the need to democratise and strengthen Africa’s voice in the global climate negotiations, recognizing Africa’s right to development. The KADI Project starts from identifying climate service needs from the perspective of the African context by African scientists. This is our contribution to amplifying the voices of Africans in defining how to tackle a crisis from which it is experiencing the most tangible impacts. This means co-design and co-creation supporting and working with communities as done in different city pilots in the project.

One way of strengthening Africa’s voice is in terms of generation three of the National Determined Contributions (NDCs), including:

  • Mainstreaming the social content and ESG. The structural and economic transition toward net zero must be just and the benefits of transitioning to a net-zero emissions economy must address equity concerns.
  • Policy integration of NDCs and systemic integration.
  • Mainstreaming of early warning systems of government and institutional actions.

In the panel discussions the interventions, comments and highlights from the KADI representatives centered on the following:

  • Africa does not lack solutions. It needs collaboration, transferability, and visibility.
  • Indigenous knowledge must be given its rightful place. Knowledge and data should be defined in consideration of Africa’s modes of learning, information generation and dissemination. Data is not limited to numbers and statistics. Storytelling and visual communication are vital. This will provide access to reliable, shared, and multi-stakeholder generated data. There is the need to strengthen foundational data systems to reduce fragmentation and duplication within and between countries.
  • 90% of the current data on the SDGs in Africa were generated in the last two years. Most of this data is regional. Data from sub national ecosystems are mostly invisible.
  • To avoid biases from models developed out of Africa, there is need to facilitate the integration of non-traditional data and use of the expertise of data experts by national agencies.
  • There is need for partnerships that support training on data issues.
  • In terms of governance, there is need to deliver on strong institutions, policy coordination and integration. The culture of data packaged for policy needs to be strengthened to reduce the disconnect between policies and data.
  • There is a need for innovative funding mechanisms that recognize the invaluable interconnectedness between different actors and sectors of society. Funding organizations should talk to each other before talking to recipients. There is need for more involvement of ‘new’ development partners, especially policy and civil society partners. What is the tipping point in terms of quantity and duration of funding? What kinds of funding allow for effective and long-term solutions.
  • Africa needs to leverage the power of its biggest human resource – youth – in meaningful ways, not as a token participant.

At the climate talks, Africa’s net zero status was discussed with opinions differing on whether Africa is net zero or not. It is worth highlighting that the continent’s carbon balance is influenced by a dynamic interplay of emissions from human activities and carbon absorption by natural ecosystems. While some regions may still act as carbon sinks, the overall trend indicates a decreasing capacity to absorb carbon, raising concerns about Africa’s net carbon status. Comprehensive and reliable data on emissions and carbon sequestration are essential to accurately assess whether Africa can achieve net zero status. This is also shown in the publication from some of the scientists participating in the KADI project, as described in our earlier article found here.


Understanding user needs and co-producing climate services in Kenya

The KADI project envisions the development of knowledge and co-production of climate services through an African observation and data research infrastructure. Within this framework, the project team in Kenya organised a workshop to bring together stakeholders of weather and climate information provided by the Kenya Meteorological Department for a discussion on how to understand user needs with the aim of co-producing better climate services.

Assessing weather and climate information use in Kenya

The impacts of climate change in Kenya cannot be ignored. Agriculture, a cornerstone of the economy, is particularly vulnerable with climate variability leading to reduced crop yields, food insecurity, and economic instability, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Water resources are also under threat as changing rainfall patterns affect the availability of freshwater resources. Rising temperatures contribute to the spread of vector-borne diseases like malaria, impacting public health. Additionally, frequent floods and landslides damage infrastructure, disrupt transportation networks, and affect energy production. The Country’s demand for climate services is increasing and becoming more sophisticated, requiring improved technologies and approaches.

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Economic survey 2024, some key sectors contributing to the Kenyan economy are Agriculture, Construction, Energy, Environment and Natural resources, Health, ICT, Money, Banking and Finance, Transport, Education and training, Tourism, Governance and peace security, Social and Economic. These sectors are vulnerable to climate variance and providing climate information to support decision making will reduce the expected impact to these sectors and overall cushion the economy from adverse shocks. Representation from these sectors was viewed as a key to achieving the workshops objectives.

KADI and its KMD team organised a workshop to bring together various users of climate information services.

The workshop objectives were:

  • Assess weather and climate use through a survey
  • Identify gaps in weather and information use
  • Document weather and climate services in Kenya

With a main mission to improve the uptake of national climate services, the workshop’s intent was also to develop coordination between actors and stakeholders along the country’s climate services value chain. The envisioned value chain includes observations networks & monitoring systems, user interface platforms, research, modelling and prediction, climate services information systems, and capacity building.

Participants for the workshop were drawn from a pool of frequent users of climate information (both forecast and ground data) from the National weather service, Kenya Meteorological Department. Organisation representatives from key sectors in the country were also present.

The feedback received formed a basis of evaluating the service provided, the gaps experienced and recommendations and suggestions to improve the products and services provided by KMD.

Summary of workshop findings

All the participants acknowledged the importance of climate information in their operations. In agriculture for example, weather forms a critical part of their planning from advising farmers on planting weeding to harvest and storage of food including crop insurance. For livestock farming weather assists in fodder availability, destock and input storage. Data as an input is crucial in producing climate information.

Review and recommendation for future expansions of the observation system

Sectors showed support in collaborating to improve and expand the national observation network and system. The energy sector confirmed hosting automatic weather stations at their plants and sites. An expansive station network provides critical data useful for producing climate information. Most participants were agreeable to hosting of observing stations and collaborations in sharing of data.

Requirements for environmental research infrastructure

All participants admitted to the changing climate being a concern in their operations. Most organizations are already setting up climate units to improve the take up of climate information provided by the National Meteorological Service. These units require openly available weather /climate data, capacity building, software and hardware support to enhance their sector specific research.

Emerging frontiers in climate information
  • Investment in research on new technologies such as cloud seeding. What are the possibilities and impacts of such technology in the climate arena. There is also demand for accessible data and information on pollution and GHG.
  • Climate projections and simulations into various sectors e.g. financial and health sectors. Such data should be available in a relatively ingestible format.
  • Conversion of weather data into sector specific implications and use. E.g. Can rainfall data be incorporated into intensity. Sectors can support KMD in knowing what data they want.
  • Research infrastructure involves both soft and hard infrastructure; appreciating social and cultural dimensions in the changing face of science.
Lessons learned
  • Participants appreciated the hybrid format of the workshop. Those unable to travel to the venue could still participate.
  • The Kenya Meteorological Department will coordinate a system that supports the sharing of information and feedback.

Appreciation for the success of the workshop goes to:

  1. TheKADI Project Consortium
  2. The Director of the Kenya Meteorological Department
  3. Kenya Meteorological Department KADI Team:
  • Mr. Kennedy Thiongo
  • Dr. Geoffrey Ogutu
  • Ms. Patricia Nyinguro HSC
  • Dr. Joyce Kimutai
  • Ms. Christine Mahonga
  1. The key organisations who accepted the workshop invitation and sent their representatives.


KADI partners visit the Finnish Meteorological Institute in Helsinki

Earlier in April 2024, KADI partners from the Resilience Academy visited the premises of Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) in Helsinki. The FMI is housed on the same building as the ICOS Head Office, therefore this was the ideal opportunity to hear about the FMI’s activities in Africa as well as share ICOS’ work in KADI. The meeting began with an introduction to the work done in ICOS and the work done in KADI. This was followed by presentation of the different projects represented.

The Finnish Meteorological Institute’s regional project FINKERAT aims to increase East African societies’ preparedness for extreme weather events and to improve air quality monitoring in Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The project aims to increase the capacity of meteorological institutes in Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania to provide more efficient and timely weather forecasts, early warning services and air quality services for the benefit of communities, administrative institutions, the economy and political decision-makers. It develops community-based early warning systems and proactive approaches together with the Finnish Red Cross and the Red Cross Societies in Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania.

The Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative is a financial mechanism which funds projects in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to establish risk-informed early warning services. CREWS is coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, South Sudan and Uganda. CREWS works directly with countries to increase the availability of and access to early warning systems.

Based on the discussions and presentations, the possible areas of collaboration are:

  • Encourage the uptake of KADI’s approach by the WMO. For example by showcasing the Resilience Academy’s approach to climate services and citizen science
  • Develop a common curriculum for climate science.
  • Seek collaboration with the DARAJA project. The aim of the DARAJA project is to co-produce weather and climate information services, which are particularly relevant to urban informal settlement communities in Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) and Kenya (Nairobi).
  • Joint initiatives for scaling up or broadening successful African climate services.
  • Plan for joint activities, for instance at the next KADI Annual meeting.

It has been estimated that improved weather and climate services, and early warning systems may benefit up to 130 million people (directly and indirectly). KADI project is committed to the development of climate services in Africa and to the collaboration with other projects and initiatives in this field.

Stakeholder engagement events in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

In this report, we highlight the stakeholder engagement and partnerships of the Abidjan City Pilot in terms of the roles, resources and expertise that would be useful for the pilot.

In this pilot, the climate service that will be designed is a particulate pollution warning system through a PM2.5 measurements network and an effective communication in collaboration with stakeholders and the local population, using a participatory approach. The stakeholder engagements are related to the different actors who would contribute to this. The pilot will make use of continuous measurements of atmospheric particles (PM2.5 PM10, OC and BC) and gases (SO2, NH3, NO2, O3 and HNO3) at various sites. Three measuring devices (CairNET) have been acquired to reinforce the measurement sites, but several instruments are needed to cover the whole city of Abidjan. The stakeholders who will contribute to setting up the climate service have been identified. Discussions have been started with some of them, including INHP (Institut National d’Hygiène Publique), CIAPOL (Centre Ivoirien Anti-Pollution), SODEXAM (Société d’Exploitation et de Développement Aéroportuaire, Aéronautique et Météorologie) and ANAGED (Agence Nationale de Gestion des déchets). These discussions focus on protocols for co-designing the climate service and on what is expected from the stakeholders. In addition, there are already measurements of particulate matter (PM2.5) and a pollutant dispersion model to be used.

Meeting the representatives of Institut National d’Hygiène Publique (INHP)

In the beginning of February, the KADI team in Abidjan met with the Deputy-director of INHP under the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene and the discussions focused on the approach and pilot sites.

Abidjan team meeting INHP (Institut National d’Hygiène Publique) representatives
Abidjan team meeting INHP (Institut National d’Hygiène Publique) representatives

The participatory approach involves interacting and working with the inhabitants, local communities and administrative bodies on the project. The INHP trains public health workers to strengthen the system and administers a questionnaire to patients when they visit the health centres. The INHP has a sociological and scientific database as part of the projects piloted by public health in all the dispensaries and CHUs (University Hospital Centres) in the Cocody municipality. This database will be made available to the KADI team and updated with pollution-related aspects.

For this city pilot collaboration, the chosen site is the municipality of Bingerville. It is representative of the city of Abidjan, with high-standard houses as well as precarious neighbourhoods. The KADI team and the INHP team have already carried out several projects on this site.

Strengthening the partnership with Centre Ivoirien Anti-Pollution (CIAPOL)

Later in February, the KADI team met with CIAPOL, which oversees the monitoring air quality in Côte d’Ivoire. The discussions focused on the existing partnership with CIAPOL on the monitoring and evaluation of the National Observation Network of Côte d’Ivoire. The CIAPOL team and the KADI team at the UFHB are also working on other projects such as POLLUMETRE, Sustainable Cities and PTUA. CIAPOL can provide data on air pollution in the industrial sector. The UFHB team can merge the data sources to have a more complete database. CIAPOL will also help in the field with the technical aspects of questionnaires and meetings with local people. They will also contribute to dissemination as the national body responsible for air quality. The meeting was followed by the signing of an official letter of agreement for the collaboration.

The KADI Abidjan team meeting CIAPOL
The KADI Abidjan team meeting CIAPOL

Collaboration with SOCEXAM (Société d’Exploitation et de Développement Aéroportuaire, Aéronautique et Météorologie) on pollution and heatwave modelling

SODEXAM was another one of the stakeholders with whom the Abidjan team met in February. It is the Airport, Aeronautics and Meteorological Operating and Development Company in Côte d’Ivoire. It is responsible for national meteorology, airport operation and development, air navigation and aviation.

The discussion with KADI focused on the climatic and meteorological data needed for our pollutant dispersion monitoring model. Based on SODEXAM’s long experience, the model to be used for air quality forecasting was also discussed. SODEXAM is already providing forecasts on heatwaves in Abidjan which will be a valuable experience to inform the climate service design. The meeting was followed by the signing of a collaboration agreement.

The KADI team at SODEXAM
The KADI team at SODEXAM

Tackling residential pollution awareness with ANAGED

ANAGED (Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets) was one of the stakeholders with whom the KADI Abidjan team connected. ANAGED oversees the measures to control and sanction residential pollution. The KADI partners met with directors and their teams, including the Heads of operations, monitoring, regulating, sanctioning and managing all solid wastes, and communication.

The KADI Team with ANAGED
The KADI Team in discussion with ANAGED

The discussion focused on the identification of the different sources of pollution, mainly the residential and domestique sources.  ANAGED agreed to help ensure and take adequate measures and provide evidence of residential pollution. They could help raise awareness of the population on residential pollution and the behavior to adopt to reduce the risk. They could also support the participatory approach and facilitate meetings and interactions with the city inhabitants.

New publication shows Africa’s carbon sink capacity is decreasing

In February 2024, a research article on the African Regional Greenhouse Gases Budget (2010–2019) by Yolandi Ernst and colleagues was published in Global Biochemical Cycles. As part of the Regional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes Phase 2 (RECCAP2) initiative of the Global Carbon Project, the paper addresses the policy-relevant objectives of RECCAP2 through a comprehensive overview of improved estimates of CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes and variability.

The authors show that Africa’s sink capacity is decreasing and that the continent most likely switched from a small net sink to a small net source during the 2010–2019 period. The authors also stressed the importance of more observations to improve the large uncertainties in their estimates.

Currently, Africa is home to approximately 1.4 billion people, with projections indicating a population surge to over 2 billion by 2040. This dramatic increase necessitates extensive land conversion for agricultural production to feed the growing populace and drive economic growth. Concurrently, heavy utilisation of land for grazing, fuelwood, and other natural resources further strains the continent’s ecosystems. There is significant global interest in leveraging African landscapes to store carbon and offset global carbon emissions. However, these efforts are complicated by the competing demands for land and resources.

Understanding Africa’s shifting role in the global carbon cycle requires robust data on carbon-cycle processes and greenhouse gas emissions to accurately quantify the net impact of these competing trends. The full article can be read here.


Some additional perspectives of the KADI Project on carbon markets

A reduction of anthropogenic emissions or a measure to create a carbon sink can be traded. However, it is important to respect some principles. Namely, there must be efforts to create an additional sink that would not be there otherwise. In addition, the sink must be sustained after the measure has ended with monitoring and verification by independent observations.

KADI builds the foundation for an integrated climate observation network. Independent observations cannot be paid for by single projects but require  separate funding (e.g. generated as a fee from each certificate). Independent observations (including models) are needed in the certification system.

Finally, we believe verification of the success of a measure will help avoid fraud and support the development of integrated climate services that underpin solutions with co-benefits and respective policies and initiatives.

KADI at the EGU24

14-19th April, 2024
Vienna (Austria) and online

The EGU General Assembly 2024 brings together geoscientists from all over the world to one meeting covering all disciplines of the Earth, planetary, and space sciences. The EGU aims to provide a forum where scientists, especially early career researchers, can present their work and discuss their ideas with experts in all fields of geoscience.

This year KADI project is being presented in the following presentations:

Oral presentation

Thursday 18th April, 14:55-15:05, Room 2.23

Designing a pan-African climate observation system to deliver societal benefit through climate action: The KADI project

Karlina Ozolina, Theresia Bilola, Matthew Saunders, Emmanuel Salmon, Ingunn Skjelvan, Tommy Bornman, Jörg Klausen, Gregor Feig, Lutz Merbold and Werner L. Kutsch

Poster presentation

Wednesday 17th April, 16:15-18:00, Hall X1, X1.53

Taking stock of observing capabilities for designing a pan-African atmospheric and climate research infrastructure (KADI): Lessons learnt from Kenya and best practices

Jörg Klausen, Sarina Danioth, Patricia Nying’uro, Joyce Kimutai, Kennedy Thiong’o, Martin Steinbacher, Lutz Merbold, Niina Käyhkö, Matthew Saunders, Theresia Bilola, Emmanuel Salmon, and Werner L. Kutsch

If you would like to meet up with the presenters during the conference, we are happy to hear from you!


KADI cooperates with the African Union

One of the objectives of the KADI project is to support AU-EU policy cooperation. This involves liaising with other AU-EU projects or initiatives.

At the end of January 2024, KADI met with the African Union Commission to discuss collaboration with the  GMES and Africa project. GMES and Africa is for the development of services for water, natural resources, marine and coastal areas, addressing the global needs to manage the environment, and ensure civil security. GMES and Africa is made up of 8 consortia covering 5 regions involving 167 African institutions.

During the meeting, we identified the areas of collaboration in the AU-EU framework are policy, services development, training and knowledge management. Connection through these areas is possible as both projects include these components. For example, the GMES and Africa project includes an academic network of 28-32 African Universities. This type of collaboration will be mutually beneficial for the training components in both projects (and beyond) in terms of knowledge exchange and dissemination related to training opportunities.

In relation to cooperation and knowledge exchange, KADI actively participated in the webinar to commemorate the International Women’s Day 2024. The event was organised on March 7th by Women in GMES and Africa with the theme, ‘African women at the heart of climate action’.

“In its bid to enhance the opportunities from combining satellite and in-situ earth observation data in Africa, KADI actively engages with different actors and initiatives that focus on these.” said Dr. Theresia Bilola, the project manager of KADI. “Engaging with GMES and Africa presents an opportunity to strengthen and support AU-EU cooperation in earth observation using approaches that recognise and benefit from new and already existing expertise”, she added.

We are looking forward to more collaboration in the upcoming months though:

  • Connecting the training components of both projects for collaboration.
  • Collaborating in relation to the regional, continental and thematic workshops.
  • Inviting, participating and disseminating information about both projects.
  • Collaborating on the GMES and Africa joint workshop which targets a variety of stakeholders in relation to land use, water, natural resources, policy makers and service users.

Do you wish to collaborate with the KADI project? Feel free to contact us!

Community-based approaches for transformative climate services

KADI Dar es Salaam stakeholder workshop gathered together 25 participants from various backgrounds. The workshop day was not just full of dialogue, but also good food, laughter, team building activities, brief presentations, and new connections.

One of the KADI project aims is to co-design climate services for urban context in three African cities – Abidjan, Nairobi, and Dar es Salaam. The goal is to enhance resilience against climate stressors. In the Dar es Salaam city pilot, the focus is on designing climate service for citizens for coping with current and future impacts of heavy precipitation, extreme heat, and air pollution (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Validating flood, air pollution and extreme heat hotspots, and discussing their causes during focus group discussion in Kigogo ward, Dar es Salaam. Image: Venla Aaltonen

Led by the University of Turku (UTU), Finland and Ardhi University (ARU), Dar es Salaam, the climate service design has grounds on a community-based approaches to ensure the development of a climate service with genuine potential for sustainable uptake by citizens and other actors involved in climate-related activities within the city. The design builds on the existing Tanzanian Resilience Academy approach where students from local universities, together with community members, collect crucial data on climate stressors, their impacts, city’s vulnerabilities, the urban infrastructure, and the environment using low-cost mobile tools.

Community focus group discussion and participatory mapping

To address the true needs of the urban communities, initial activities of the pilot focused on engaging relevant actors – especially the citizens – to discuss concrete needs for climate action and access to climate information. Two focus group discussions were conducted on February 6th and 7th in Tandale and Kigogo wards, both frequently experiencing floods, extreme heat, and air pollution.

Prior these discussions a participatory mapping campaign was conducted in October 2023, revealing valuable information not previously recorded regarding the spatial occurrence of poor air quality, extreme heat, and floods, which were used as a basis for the focus group discussions. The participatory mapping campaign was conducted by ARU students who had previously attended Resilience Academy data collection activities.

Figure 2. Map visualisation of air pollution experiences of Tandale community members. The experiences were collected via participatory mapping campaign, and the mapped hotspots reveal e.g. unofficial dumping sites where waste is burned, as well as areas where liquid waste runs due to lack of proper drainage systems. Image: Venla Aaltonen

As it is evident that the climate itself – high temperatures or amount of precipitation – cannot be changed, the focus group discussions highlighted that the communities’ needs for adapting to and coping with climate stressors are tied to improved urban planning. Issues such as proper solid waste management to prevent drainage blockage and flooding emerged as crucial. Lack of proper waste management also leads to continuous burning of solid waste which is a constant source for air pollution and additional heat in the neighbourhoods. In addition to solid waste management, the communities emphasized the importance of overall better urban infrastructure, including improved drainage networks, liquid waste management, regulations on land building, flood barrier construction, and better management of the natural rivers flowing through the wards.
Most importantly, the discussions underscored the significance of transferring local knowledge to formats interoperable with existing and new climate data, and urban plans. The KADI Dar es Salaam city pilot concentrates on this very element where the vast local knowledge could be integrated in creating actionable climate services that combine climate information with contextual neighbourhood-level information for genuine and sustainable transformation.

Stakeholder workshop

The stakeholder workshop that followed the focus group discussions was held on February 9th and involved representatives from citizen communities, academia, the Tanzanian Meteorological Agency, ward-level environmental offices, and urban planners (Figure 3). The workshop delved deeper into concrete steps for meeting community needs, emphasizing collaborative efforts of the governmental offices and the local communities. Solving the urban planning challenges for improved climate resilience require a lot of human resources, time, money, political will, and data and information of the occurrence and impacts of climate stressors in the city.

Figure 3. Stakeholder workshop participants engaging in discussion of concrete steps for addressing challenges introduced by climate stressors in Dar es Salaam neighbourhoods. Image: Epvate & Fortune International Consulting

For example, the following questions were discussed:

  • What are concrete steps that needs to be taken to meet communities’ needs?
  • Who are needed to carry out these steps?
  • What data or information must be collected, and what is already existing
  • What immediate actions could be taken, and which are more long-term goals?

As another important discussion note, the workshop highlighted challenges in the information flow from the Tanzanian Meteorological Agency to communities regarding climate-related warnings (Figure 4). Discussions centred on improving this flow which currently is time-consuming or behind a paywall. Communities suggest the involvement of local informants who could communicate the situations in neighborhood-level in real time, which aids TMA in down-scaling forecasts, warnings, and climate projections to be more useful to communities in different parts of the city.

Figure 4. Stakeholder workshop participants discussing the problems and desired solutions for climate information accessibility from official sources, such as the Tanzanian Meteorological Agency. Image: Venla Aaltonen

Final note from the perspective of execution of the workshop is a shoutout for the ice-breaking exercise that initiated the day. Participants discussed and listed challenges they meet in their daily lives (not only climate-related!) on post-it notes (Figure 5). During breakfast break, the challenges were clustered to thematic groups, and after the break each challenge was discussed and marked whether they are somehow related to climate, urban planning, or both. Almost each challenge mentioned were definitely related to both, and many of the challenges were also heavily interconnected. This initial ice-breaker exercise was aimed to take maximum 20 minutes – just to get conversation flowing – but ended up taking much more time and laid solid ground for the rest of the day. The success of this approach is credited to the KADI WP1 Wits team for their valuable advice, and we can highly recommend similar approach for other stakeholder/actor workshops coming along the KADI project.

Figure 5. Ice-breaker exercise initiated a lively discussion on the causes and effects of different challenges the workshop participants face in their everyday life. Power cuts, overcrowding, chaotic traffic, floods, unstable food prices, poor solid waste management, unofficial sewage discharge, diseases, thefts, and heat inside houses are all connected to climate stressors or urban planning issues, but often to both. Image: Venla Aaltonen

Lessons learned and next steps

Looking back to organising this workshop, there are things we would do differently. We did include three presentation slots to the day to introduce the KADI project, climate service concepts, and the activities we had done prior the workshop. However, kicking off the day, conducting the ice-breaker exercise, having food breaks, and discussing the intended themes took much longer than anticipated. These things were important, and giving them time was purposeful, and thus presenting so many slideshows could have been organised with another approach. Also, not everyone invited to the workshop arrived. This was somewhat managed by inviting two individuals from desired organisations, and at least one representative arrived from each organisation, except from the city’s disaster risk management office, and from an NGO with expertise in community development and participatory mapping.

From now as the KADI Dar es Salaam city pilot progresses, the research team design a climate service concept that incorporates local knowledge to the whole lifecycle of the climate service. The Tanzanian Resilience Academy approach, involving local students in data collection, is a potential avenue, but various community-based methods are also incorporated to the design, such as citizen weather stations (CWS) and participatory online platforms for information sharing.

We want to give a sincere thank you for everyone who have been part of our activities during these last months. The communities’ views on climate and other everyday challenges are often asked, and the most pressing issues in the neighbourhoods are known. However, concrete actions are lacking behind. Climate services are not the sole solution in solving the challenges, but they are an important building block for data-driven and knowledge-based collaborative action by various actors in the local context, and give tools for climate adaptation for the urban communities.

All these activities were carried out by our KADI Dar es Salaam climate service city pilot research team:

Venla Aaltonen
University of Turku

Dr. Nelly Babere
Ardhi University

Dr. Lukuba Sweya
Ardhi University

Prof. Niina Käyhkö
University of Turku

Hilary Mvungi
Ardhi University

Msilikale Msilanga
University of Turku

ICOS Science Conference 2024: Call for Abstracts is Open!

The conference organisers are pleased to open the Call for Abstracts to ICOS Science Conference 2024!

The conference takes place 10-12 September in Versailles Palais des Congrès, France, and online. With the overarching theme “From GHG observations through science to services”, the sessions cover ICOS’s three domains – Atmosphere, Ecosystem and Ocean.

Abstracts from KADI participants are warmly welcomed, as the session list includes many topics that are relevant to our work. You will also find many familiar names as session conveners.

Here are a few picks from the sessions list that might be of interest to you:  

5. Impact of climate extremes on GHG fluxes: understanding driving processes and responses across scales
7. Carbon Cycling along the Land Ocean Aquatic Continuum
9. Combining data and models to improve estimates of regional to global GHG budgets and trends
12. Translating Scientific CO2 Emission Research into City Services
13. In situ data for climate and other environmental services and policy support
15. Science communication and outreach to increase the impact of climate research

Click here for the full list of sessions and their descriptions.

The Call for Abstracts is open until Monday, 8 April, 13:00 CET. More information on how to submit an abstract can be found here: https://www.icos-cp.eu/news-and-events/science-conference/icos2024sc/call-for-abstracts